What Dog Vaccinations in Jonesboro, AR Does My Pet Need?
Getting a dog comes with many new challenges, and often requires a period of adjustment—your dog must get used to you, your household, and other aspects of their new life. In addition, there are many adjustments you must make, as an owner. One of these tasks involves ensuring your dog has everything it needs to be happy, comfortable, and healthy.
Dog vaccinations should be at the top of your radar when thinking about the overall health, growth, and development of your new friend. But trying to figure out what vaccinations your dog needs can be incredibly overwhelming for new dog owners. But do not worry! We are here to help you make sure you’re making well-informed choices for your dog’s health. Continue reading to find out which vaccinations your new dog really needs.
Why Do We Vaccinate?
Before you begin vaccinating your dog, it is important to understand why we vaccinate. Dog vaccinations are important for the health of animals because they protect against deadly illness and diseases, which could otherwise shorten the life of your dog, or cause serious suffering.
First, there are two different classifications of dog vaccines that are typically referred to. Core vaccines are vaccines that all dogs generally need. Lifestyle vaccines (non-core vaccines) are vaccines that not all dogs need, and the need for them will vary based on a dog’s geographical location, habits, breed/type, the prevalence of a disease at the time, or other factors in a dog’s life.
Core Dog Vaccines
The Distemper Vaccine
This vaccine prevents against Canine Distemper Virus and is considered by veterinarians to be one of the core vaccines that all dogs need. Canine Distemper Virus as a highly contagious and often lethal illness spread through contact between dogs. The most susceptible to this virus are puppies under four months old, and unvaccinated dogs. To prevent your dog from contracting Canine Distemper Virus, make sure your dog receives the full series of the Distemper Vaccine, and talk to your vet to determine how often your dog will need to be vaccinated to stay protected for their entire life.
Parvo is a highly contagious virus that can cause severe gastrointestinal illness in dogs. It spreads easily through the dog population when left unchecked. Dogs between six weeks and six months old are most at risk. Also at risk are certain dog breeds, including German Shepherds, Rottweilers, and others, although scientists don’t yet understand why these dog breeds have a higher risk for contracting parvovirus than others. Dogs should be vaccinated against parvovirus three times, starting at 6-8 weeks old. Talk with your veterinarian for more information about parvovirus vaccines.
Canine Adenovirus Vaccine
The Canine Adenovirus, also known as Canine Hepatitis, can often result in death of dogs. However, early vaccination against Canine Adenovirus can greatly reduce risk of contraction. Talk to your veterinarian about when your dog should receive the Canine Adenovirus Vaccine. Dogs as young as 10-12 weeks can receive this vaccine in combination with the Parvovirus Vaccine, the Distemper Vaccine, and the Rabies Vaccine.
Many US State laws require that dogs be vaccinated for Rabies, and veterinarians also strongly advise dogs to be vaccinated for the first time between 12-16 weeks of age, with a follow-up booster shot one year later. Make sure to check with your veterinarian about the Rabies vaccine for your dog, as well as checking your local and state Rabies vaccine regulations.
This vaccine usually comes in the form of a nose spray and is administered to dogs age 8-16 weeks. Immunity will last roughly one year.
Lifestyle Dog Vaccines
Leptospira is a bacterium typically found in mud and standing water. If your dog is at risk for contracting Leptospira, veterinarians will recommend an initial Leptospira vaccine and a follow-up revaccination.
Lyme Disease Vaccine
This vaccine is usually only recommended for dogs living or traveling in areas where Lyme Disease is prevalent. Check with your veterinarian before traveling to new locations with your dog to make sure they will be well-protected against Lyme Disease. Make sure to plan far in advance for any such trips, as the last dose of this vaccine should be 2-4 weeks before the travel date.
Canine Influenza H3N8 Vaccine
Dogs may have an increased risk for contracting influenza if they visit high-risk places (areas well-populated with dogs such as dog parks, groomers, etc.) If a dog is determined to be of a higher risk of contraction, they will typically be vaccinated in two doses: one at 6-8 weeks old, and another dose 2-4 weeks after that. If there is a sustained risk, veterinarians may administer a follow-up vaccination, within one year.
Canine Influenza H3N2 Vaccine
As H3N2 is another type of influenza, the risk factors are the same as H3N8: dogs visiting well-populated areas such as dog parks, day care, groomers, or competitions have a distinctly higher risk and could benefit from receiving the vaccine. The initial vaccine should be given to dogs ages 6-8 weeks old, and another dose will follow 2-4 weeks later. If there is a sustained risk, veterinarians may administer a follow-up vaccination, within one year.
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Vaccine
The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Vaccine, also known as the Crotalus Atrox vaccine, is only important for dogs living in or traveling to areas populated by the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, who may spend frequent time outside where they could be bitten and will require protection against the venom. The amount and frequency of the dose will depend on the size, type, and lifestyle of your dog. Ask your veterinarian for more information.
Still Aren’t Sure Which Vaccines Your Dog Needs?
If you still have questions about which dog vaccines your pet might need, don’t worry! It’s a complicated process and can take lots of time and effort to understand. When in doubt, the easiest and smartest thing to do is ask your veterinarian. After all, they understand your dog’s needs and health, and they’ll know best about which vaccines your dog requires to live a long and healthy life. Call your Animal Medical Center veterinarian at (870) 935–8387 or book an appointment online!
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About Animal Medical Center of Jonesboro
When you bring your animal companion to the Animal Medical Center of Jonesboro, AR, we focus all our resources on your pet. We feel our team approach is a key ingredient to the success we are blessed to experience.